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Our research emanates from the collaboration between the Levin Lab at Tufts University, the Bongard Lab at the University of Vermont and the joint Institute for Computer-Designed Organisms


Levin, M., (2021), Bioelectric Signaling: Reprogrammable Circuits Underlying Embryogenesis, Regeneration, and Cancer, Cell, 184(8): 1971-1989

Blackiston, D., Lederer, E., Kriegman, S., Garnier, S., Bongard, J., and Levin, M., (2021), A cellular platform for the development of synthetic living machines, Science Robotics, 6(52): eabf1571, doi: 10.1126/scirobotics.abf1571

Bongard, J., and Levin, M., (2021), Living things are not (20th Century) machines: updating mechanism metaphors in light of the modern science of machine behavior, Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 9: 650726, doi: 10.3389/fevo.2021.650726

Kriegman, S., Blackiston, D., Levin, M., and Bongard, J., (2020), A scalable pipeline for designing reconfigurable organisms, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, 117(4): 1853-1859

Levin, M., Bongard, J., and Lunshof, J.E, (2020), Applications and ethics of computer-designed organisms, Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, 21: 655–656

Kriegman, S., Blackiston, D., Levin, M., & Bongard, J. (2021), Kinematic self-replication in reconfigurable organisms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(49).



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